25 April 2019

Industry Focus-Dozers

Standing up to the demand

 

 

Dozers are of great use at construction sites, to lift debris and other applications. The demand for crawler dozers is expected to be driven by the various government-sponsored infrastructure projects coming up in the country, and the new momentum in the mining industry. ROHAN AMBIKE writes about the trends driving the dozer market in India.

 

A dozer, also known as bulldozer, is a crawler which is equipped with a weighty metal plate that is mainly used in moving soil, sand, debris or other such materials or ruins. Some dozers also have huge tires instead of continuous tracks. These equipment are widely used at construction sites where they are used to lift debris; at heavy industry factories; at mining sites and quarries; at military bases; and farms. Deforestation, earth moving, ground levelling, and road carving are some of the applications by regular earth moving Bulldozers.

 

India has emerged as the fastest growing economy globally, with a GDP growth of nearly 7.3 per cent during 2015. GDP growth has been fuelled by the increasing number of infrastructure projects such as highways and Metro projects. The construction market contributed nearly 7 per cent to India´s GDP and is further estimated to contribute 8 per cent by the end of 2015. Further, by 2025, India´s construction market is expected to emerge as the third largest globally. The demand for crawler dozers is expected to be driven by the various government-sponsored infrastructure projects coming up in the country, and the new momentum in the mining industry.

 

The growth of the construction industry is a major factor leading to increasing adoption of dozers, thus aiding in growth of the market. According to Chartered Institute of Building, by 2030, the construction industry is expected to account for 14.7 per cent of the global GDP. Moreover, by 2030, the global construction market is projected to be valued at US$ 17.5 trillion up from US$ 8 trillion in 2015. Governments of various countries are focusing on various initiatives to develop better infrastructure such as roads, railways, and airports to enhance economic development. For instance, according to Indian Government’s Union Budget 2018 – 2019, the government has allocated funds of US$ 92.22 billion for the infrastructure sector.

 

Moreover, urbanization led to increasing demand for better facilities, infrastructure, and housing. This is expected to aid in growth of the construction industry. According to United Nation Organization’s analysis, 54.5 per cent of the world population lived in urban cities in 2016 and is projected to reach 60 per cent by 2030. Bulldozers being essential equipment in the construction industry, this is anticipated aid in growth of the market over the forecast period.

 

 

Increasing construction activities is the main driving factor for growth of the dozer market

 

The growth of the construction industry is a major factor leading to increasing adoption of dozers, thus aiding in growth of the market. According to Chartered Institute of Building, by 2030, the construction industry is expected to account for 14.7 per cent of the global GDP. Moreover, by 2030, the global construction market is projected to be valued at US$ 17.5 trillion up from US$ 8 trillion in 2015. Governments of various countries are focusing on various initiatives to develop better infrastructure such as roads, railways, and airports to enhance economic development. For instance, according to Indian Government’s Union Budget 2018 – 2019, the government has allocated funds of US$ 92.22 billion for the infrastructure sector. Moreover, urbanization led to increasing demand for better facilities, infrastructure, and housing. This is expected to aid in growth of the construction industry. According to United Nation Organization’s analysis, 54.5 per cent of the world population lived in urban cities in 2016 and is projected to reach 60 per cent by 2030. Bulldozers being an essential equipment in the construction industry, this is anticipated aid in growth of the market over the forecast period. Increasing applications of dozers in various verticals is expected to be major factor for growth of the market over the forecast period

 

Dozers are most commonly used in the construction industry at sites or conversion sites, where digging or moving large quantities of rubble is required. Dozers also have a claw, known as ripper, at the rear which is used to loosen up densely compacted material. Heavy bulldozers are also used in levelling the terrain. The blades used in dozers vary in shapes and sizes to make them suitable for various task. The straight blade or ‘S’ blade is short and straight and is mainly used in fine grading; the Universal or ‘U’ Blade is designed with a tall, curved blade with large side, to carry material; Semi-U or ‘S-U’ shaped blade or ‘S-U’ blade is short with less curvature and short side, a design which is mainly used in pushing material.

 

 

Some bulldozers have buckets replacing the blades. Mining dozers are a smaller version of the original dozers, along with a few modifications, making it easier for operation in small areas with limited movements. Komatsu America Corp, Caterpillar Inc. are some of the companies, which manufacture mining dozers. Moreover, in regions where heavy snowfalls is observed, the land gets completely covered by thick layers of ice/snow. In these regions, light weight dozers are used to remove the snow. For instance, the Calf dozers and Angle plate dozers are majorly used to remove the snow.

 

 

 

Biggest-ever highway development plan

 

In general, things are looking good for the second most populous nation after China worldwide. Looking at the World Economic League Table 2018 published by the Centre for Economics and Business Research, India will overtake the UK and France in terms of the gross domestic product to move two places up and become the world’s fifth largest economy in 2018.

 

The development in the construction machinery market is mainly driven by the State’s massive infrastructure expansion. According to the British market research company Off-Highway Research, this expansion is a top priority for the Indian Government that monitors all projects at the highest level to overcome potential obstacles as quickly as possible. At the very top of the agenda is road construction. In October 2017, the Indian politicians therefore approved the biggest-ever highway development plan to develop and expand almost 84,000 km of roads at an investment of $107 billion by 2022 – money that will also boost further sales of construction machines.

 

 

Construction equipment expanse

 

The global construction machinery market is anticipated to record at a CAGR of 7. 21 per cent during the forecast period 2018-23. The increasing focus on infrastructure and development of automation in the construction and manufacturing processes had a significant impact on the market growth. The road construction machinery market has witnessed significant growth in the recent past, owing to the increased road development programs undertaken by the central and state governments, especially in the Asia-Pacific countries.

 

Growing demand from irrigation industry, increasing number of upcoming highway construction projects and advanced vehicles equipped with emission control systems are some of the factors expected to drive the construction machinery market. The demand for machines that are cost effective, along with regulatory pressures for lower emissions, is pushing construction-equipment manufacturers to opt for electric and hybrid vehicles over the traditional hydraulic and mechanical ones.

 

The Asia-Pacific construction machinery market is projected to register a CAGR of 8. 60 per cent during the forecast period. Asia-Pacific ranks first in the construction equipment market with major market share held by China, India and Japan. The infrastructural ventures across Asia-Pacific countries have a significant impact on the development of the CM market, states Mordor Intelligence report.

 

Crawler excavators are one of the most demanded heavy construction machinery (heavy duty excavators)weighing 60,000-80,000 pounds, used across a wide area of applications ranging from heavy infrastructure projects to underground utilities, road construction, pipeline, commercial site preparation, and demolition purposes. The increasing capacity augmentation in the cement industry is expected to propel the excavator market growth. Heavy-duty excavators are used to breaking the refractories of rotarykilns used in the cement industry.

 

 

 

Key players

 

Caterpillar

 

For more than 90 years, Caterpillar Inc. has been making sustainable progress possible and driving positive change on every continent. Customers turn to Caterpillar to help them develop infrastructure, energy and natural resource assets.

 

With 2017 sales and revenues of $45.462 billion, Caterpillar is the world’s leading manufacturer of construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines, industrial gas turbines and diesel-electric locomotives. The company principally operates through its three primary segments - Construction Industries, Resource Industries and Energy & Transportation - and also provides financing and related services through its Financial Products segment.

 

 

Komatsu

 

Komatsu originally established itself in the world-wide construction and mining markets by building durable and reliable bulldozers. That tradition continues today with a full line of the most technologically advanced and innovative dozers anywhere. But innovation doesn’t do you any good unless it increases production and puts money in your pocket. Innovation, like the 15 per cent more productive Komatsu exclusive SIGMADOZER® blade, or the super slant dozer design which creates the best balanced fine grading dozers with unrivaled visibility.

 

 

Case India

 

CASE crawler dozers deliver best-in-class power train technology for superior track power and outstanding blade force through the turns.  CASE dozers power both tracks when turning to increase material retention and productivity. An ultra-comfortable operator platform with intuitive controls and great visibility further boosts productivity and operator comfort.

 

 

BEML

 

BEML Limited (formerly Bharat Earth Movers Limited) was established in May 1964 as a Public Sector Undertaking for manufacture of Rail Coaches & Spare Parts and Mining Equipment at its Bangalore Complex. The Company has partially disinvested and presently Government of India owns 54 percent of total equity and rest 46 percent is held by Public, Financial Institutions, Foreign Institutional Investors, Banks and Employees.BEML Limited, a ‘Miniratna-Category-1’, plays a pivotal role and serves India’s core sectors like Defence, Rail, Power, Mining and Infrastructure. The Company started with a modest turnover of ` 5 Cr during 1965 and today, thanks to its diverse business portfolio, the company has been able to achieve a turnover of more than ` 3,500 crore. The Company operates under three major Business verticals viz., Mining & Construction, Defence and Rail & Metro. The three verticals are serviced by nine manufacturing units located at Bangalore, Kolar Gold Fields (KGF), Mysore, Palakkad and Subsidiary - Vignyan Industries Ltd, in Chikmagalur District.




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