23 March 2019

Table of Contents for Highrise Handlers





Highrise Handlers

Reaching heights safely

 

By global standards, the tall building typology has just begun to take roots in India, where tall building population is expanding concomitant to its rapid urbanization. The lack of space along with the growing population has given rise to vertical construction. ROHAN AMBIKE takes you through the status of high rise construction in India, the challenges involved and the future of high rise buildings.

 

 

Tall building construction methods are throwing up new challenges for in-situ placement of materials, which require specialized tall buildings’ construction equipment. Consequently equipment manufacturers are keeping pace with design requirements and construction methodology for high-rise projects, by designing their products accordingly. Operational safety and tall building construction equipment regulations are driving the market for such equipment, whose demand is touching new highs. Construction of tall buildings as always requires innovative approaches to construction methods and technologies, which will by and large determine the equipment for that particular project.

 

 

 

However, the two constants are equipment for transporting materials and people to great heights, and equipment for placing or pouring the materials at tall heights. While traditional equipment worked for average size buildings, tall buildings call for a totally different kind of equipment, especially that which will construct accurately at heights, because tall building technology relies a lot on precision. Over and above all this, the common denominator for all equipment is safety. While safety is taken into account at design stage itself by the manufacturers, the safety levels are getting better due to government regulation driving the use of such equipment

 

 

 

Equipment Verticals

 

Tower Cranes are among the most basic equipment in high rise construction. Most tower cranes use a climbing attachment with hydraulic jacks surrounding the mast as required. The climbing attachment lifts itself up off the erected mast and inserts a new mast section. Based on the emerging requirements for high-rise construction, manufactures offer tower cranes with internal climbing and external anchorage options. The tower cranes are available in different capacities with varying jib lengths to cover large radius. The layout design of high-rise construction decides the dimension of the lift shaft and determines the type of crane, either for inner climbing or for external installation. Factors such as whether the proposed high-rise is coming within clusters or in vicinity of other buildings are vital for easier erection and dismantling of the cranes.

 

 

Presence of multiple tower cranes at a site with closer distance might hinder erection and quicker dismantling of the cranes. They also present a serious hazard of cranes colliding. Everest Engineering Equipment offers anti-collision and other smart devices which can fitted on any brand and type of tower crane. Most high-end models have anti-collision devices and other smart features for better control of twisting and placing of materials, calculating wind speed for accurate placement of materials etc. But the latest is using GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems) which use satellites to calculate proper placement and building of sections so the straight lines of the tower are maintained. The choice of tower crane depends on its load carrying capacity, luffing feature, or self-climbing feature etc.

 

 

 

Man & Material Hoists are an important equipment in construction because they carry materials and workers to the required floors. Two types of construction hoists, for passengers and materials, are the basic equipment. Hoists are available in various types and capacities. It is imperative that a passenger hoist be used to transport people. If both people and material need transporting, contractors must take into account the volume of people that need to be moved versus the volume of materials. Safety is always a paramount concern when you’re working with materials as heavy as granite slabs. For example hoist needs to be light enough to set up on rooftops with a minimal amount of cribbing, and motorized to provide workers with a stable platform to move around safely and also be able to carry heavy weights.

 

 

 

 

 

Fast Facts
  • In India, from 2012, any structure which has a height greater than 75 feet, comprising of seven to ten storey is regarded as a high-rise building.
  • Under the census definition, 31 per cent of the Indian population lived in urban areas in 2011.
  • Building machinery rentals are expected to grow in tier 2 and tier 3 cities for small building ventures.
  • The forecast for global construction equipment rental market is likely to grow at a CAGR of 7per cent during the period 2015-2019.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aerial Work Platforms (AWPs) are widely used in construction and mining industries, owing to the nature of work, complexity in structural design and elevation. AWPs are also utilized for maintenance and repair activities of high tension power lines, disaster management operations and in defense sectors. Incorporation of safety features, ease of handling, and maneuverability are some of the features driving the growth in the AWP market.

 

 

 

Suspended Rope Platforms (SRP) serve dual purpose of carrying materials and equipment, and workers on it, needing work at tall heights on the outside facades of tall buildings. They can work at variable heights to do maintenance or other construction work on the outside when a tall building is being constructed.Mast Climbers are used for carrying out external plastering work, and are more suitable to work in high-rise construction than instead of the conventional scaffolding techniques.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Major manufacturers include;

 

Safe Veights

 

The Indian market for high rise handlers is majorly driven by safety imperatives of workers and the work site. The other demand driver is servicing and maintenance of tall buildings, which basically rely on AWPs. However, safety in tall buildings remains a major concern. The most critical is fire safety. Sadly, there are no prescribed standards for operational safety in tall building construction equipment, but ethically responsible builders follow International Safety standards while designing their products.

 

 

 

According to building safety experts, nowadays most buildings in India use minimum structural safety standards that government has prescribed. Indian Codes follow lowest level of earthquake safety protection, designing for just one-fifth the intensity in a particular earthquake zone. The situation is more critical in north India, especially in the National Capital Region (NCR), which is classified as a high-damage risk zone. According to sources in the construction sector, all buildings in NCR are designed for lowest category, which is collapse prevention. There are four categories of earthquake resistant buildings: Earthquake Resistant-Operational, Earthquake Resistant-Immediate Occupancy, Earthquake Resistant-Life Safety, and Earthquake Resistant-Collapse Prevention. In terms of structural safety standards, most builders adhere to prescribed standards. But high-rise buildings need a separate code, Standards for 9-10 story buildings cannot be used for high-rise buildings. The Bureau of Indian Standards has agreed to draft a new code for seismic standards this year.

 

 

 

Although tall buildings symbolize India’s status, sadly many of them turned into death traps in fire incidents. Examples include: State Bank of India building, Mumbai; LIC building, Hotel Siddhartha, Gopala Towers, Hindustan Times building, all in New Delhi; and Carlton Tower in Bangalore. There is an urgent need for a Fire & Safety Audit of tall buildings in India, but it’s still pending and long overdue.

 

 

 

Most equipment verticals among highrise handlers is available in India, with equipment ranging from the high end -- featuring all kinds of safeties like automatic locking, SLI, and other Smart features – to simple no frills affordable equipment for medium and small contractors. Considering the way tall building population is expanding rapidly in India, building construction equipment manufacturers can expect buoyant demand in the long term, which will only turn robust every passing year.

 

 

 

Challenges

 

The increasing demand for multi-storied buildings calls for specialised skill and expertise along with the latest equipment, advanced products and technologies to ensure seamless and faster construction and maintenance. Present challenges faced by the industry include-

 

 

 

Concrete requirement

 

Concrete is an essential component in construction, estimation and use of which needs to be thoughtfully carried out. Pumping concrete into high-rise projects is a serious issue during construction. This also pertains to the blockage of concrete, wear and tear of pipes, quality of concrete due to pumping and variable pressures, demand for high-performance concrete and timely delivery of materials to the site.

 

 

 

Selection of materials

 

Construction of high-rise structures require materials that fulfill the criteria of sustainability, durability, aesthetic appeal, ease of installation and maintenance as well as the need to be lighter in weight.

 

 

 

Robust façade

 

Upper portions of the buildings are exposed to more risks with regards to temperature or wind effects and rapid swaying. This stresses on the proper installation of a climate-responsive façade design like stronger glass to prevent breakage due to any impact. This also amounts to increased costs.

 

 

 

Expertise

 

With the growth of international structural and MEP consultants, Indian architects and construction professionals are competent in independently spearheading high-rise projects up to 200-250 meters. However, several industry leaders hint at the need to equip Indian contractors to become well-versed with the concept of logistics planning, site surveys and quality and safety systems during construction.

 

 

 

Need for code

 

Most of the buildings in India conform to the minimum structural safety standards prescribed by the government. However, experts opine that high-rise buildings should have a separate code which is presently not available in India. Regions in north India that are more prone to earthquakes, are in greater need of a code specifically for high-rise buildings in earthquake prone areas. The Bureau of Indian Standards has recently decided to draft a new code for seismic standards.

 

 

Future

 

The forecast for global construction equipment rental market is likely to grow at a CAGR of 7per cent during the period 2015-2019. The world average is close to 50 per cent (examples: Japan ~80per cent, Brazil ~30 per cent, US ~ 65 per cent, China ~ 35 per cent). There is a huge scope for improving the rental penetration in India. The distinct range of products available in the rental market are the Special Purpose Machines, Mobile Aluminium Scaffolds, Steel Scaffolds, Knuckle Boom Truck Mounted Cranes, Skid Steer Loader, Tele Handlers, Truck Mounted Lifts, Passenger Hoists, Rope Suspended Platforms, Mast lifts, Spider lifts, Scissor lifts, Boom lifts and Self-propelled Diesel and Electric Boom Lifts.

 

 

 

With construction activities becoming more complex and specific in terms of design and safety features, the high rise handler industry is looking ambitiously to widen its market share and reach tall heights safely.

 

 

 

KEY PLAYERS:

 

Everest Engineering

 

Everest Engineering Equipment Pvt. Ltd. (EEE) is in the business of providing high-quality construction equipment and infrastructure equipment. The company, under the astute leadership of its founder who has close to three decades of experience, has deeply entrenched itself in the Indian market in a short span of time. EEE has grown by leaps and bounds since its inception in 2012. As on date, EEE is a well-respected name in the domain of infrastructure and construction equipment. The company has won the trust of customers by providing durable, reliable and high-performance construction equipment. Everest Engineering markets a different type of Tower Cranes of varied specifications. It’s Tower Crane Camera Systems have been hailed by all stakeholders. EEE has the expertise to alter the tower crane capacity as well as the other tower crane specifications to suit client requirements.

 

 

 

Haulotte India

 

Since its creation in 1881, Haulotte has been a global leader in manufacturing people and material lifting equipment. Based on the knowledge of construction worksites and a multitude of lifting applications (indoor or outdoor), the company has designed seven different ranges: Its telescopic boom lifts (14 to 43m) and light weight booms (up to 16m), articulating rough terrain or electric (12 to 41m) booms, push around lifts rising to 14m, inside or outside scissor lifts (8 to 18m) articulated and telescopic trailers and vertical mast, the mast can reach 10 meters height. Finally, Haulotte has also designed a range of telehandlers to meet specific needs: compact telehandlers, high lift telehandlers (up to 17m) and heavy load capacity telehandlers, lifting up to 7.2 tonnes.

 

 

 

KYB Conmat

 

Conmat Group of Industries started in 2002 from a small 200 Sq. ft. rented space to manufacture material handling systems, and diversified into Concrete Construction Equipment in 2009 at Vadodara. The moment of glory came with equity partnership from the Global giant KYB Corporation of Japan in 2012, which is a trusted name and market leader in Concrete Equipment Industry.

 

Known as the world’s largest shock absorber manufacturer, KYB is also Japan’s Largest Transit Mixer manufacturer. Besides this, we are a proud leading manufacturer of hydraulic and electronic products for construction, automobiles, aircrafts, trains, ships and industrial applications.

 

KYB in association with CONMAT is producing World’s finest Concrete Construction Equipment’s. Indian facility, with the support of Japanese technology, which is used as a global manufacturing hub for Concrete Batching Plants, Concrete paving machines, Concrete Pumps and Transit Mixers.

 

 

 

Palfinger Cranes India

 

Since its commencement in 2009, Palfinger Cranes India Pvt. Ltd. is instrumental in the Manufacturing and Exporting Self Loading Truck Crane. Being a quality oriented firm, the company provides the best quality products which include Knuckle Boom Cranes, Stiff Boom Cranes and Hook Loaders. Our products stand for quality, reliability and durability as we procure raw materials from quality certified suppliers. As experts in the field, Palfinger designs and implement products according to customer requirements. To ensure precision, latest technology along with advanced machines is being utilized. The products find huge acceptance and usage in various industries. Leveraging on our competitive prices, in-depth product knowledge and long industry-presence we have garnered huge client base.

 

 

 

As a customer focused organization, we manufacture all our products to meet the desired quality, durability, functional and safety standards. We have built efficient state-of-art infrastructure facility for the smooth and hassle-free functioning of the unit. Moreover, our vast industrial knowledge and experience give us a competitive edge to manufacture safe Magnetic Separators which undergoes stringent quality checks. Being manufactured using the high-grade raw material, our products are appreciated for their high efficiency, stupendous performance, and reliability. Above all, we have built up long-standing business alliances with numerous agencies of national and global repute, establishing a paragon of reliability amid our customers.

 

 

 

Spantech

 

In the process of being a developed country, Spantech is improving our infrastructure at a very fast pace. To aid this development we manufacture and supply high quality construction machineries and equipment like bar bending machines, bar cutting machines, multifunction material hosts, suspended rope platform and Ganty Hoist.

 

 

 

In its goal to become more than just a supplier of superior construction equipment, the company has made a commitment to become a trusted partner that provides ongoing support to every client and making a reputation for reliability that’s second to none.

 

 

 

Spartan Engineering

 

Spartan Engineering Industries Pvt. Ltd is a Mumbai based leading manufacturer and supplier of high quality construction machineries and equipment like bar bending machines, bar cutting machines, man and material hoists, multi functional material hoists, rope suspended platforms and tower cranes.

 

 

 

Spartan Engineering was founded in the year 1971 and it forayed in to the field of manufacturing and supplying construction equipment in the year 2006. Since its four decades of existence in Engineering Industry, the company has displayed a remarkable growth trajectory in construction equipment manufacturing.

 

 

 

Terex India

 

Terex India is a fully owned subsidiary of Terex Corporation, a diversified global manufacturer of a broad range of equipment that is focused on delivering reliable, customer-driven solutions for many applications, including the construction, infrastructure, quarrying, mining, shipping, transportation, refining, energy, utility and manufacturing industries.  Terex reports in five business segments: Aerial Work Platforms, Construction, Cranes, Material Handling and Port Solutions, and Materials Processing.

 




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