Monday, June 21, 2021

Industry Focus - Mini Excavators

The EXpansive Growth


The growing number of power and energy-related projects has significantly increased the use of mini excavators across the world. Besides, countries such as India, China, Brazil, Thailand, and other ASEAN countries are making significant investments to enhance electricity production and distribution networks. All these factors are expected to drive the demand for mini excavators in the future. Increasing manufacturers’ emphasis on electric mini excavators and the emergence of additive manufacturing will further boost market growth.Compact excavators are the perfect machines for developing countries and Urban areas, providing the customer low operating cost. writes Prerna Sharma


Today’s modern machines are designed to dig every day, all day long, and every manufacturer strives to make their machines more comfortable and user-freindly for the operator to enhance performance of the machine.


Compact equipment is growing in popularity in markets such as India, China and Latin America according to manufacturers, but low labor costs in these countries are preventing any rapid market development. Although not strictly considered a compact machine, the excavator is popular in most underdeveloped markets because it is versatile and cheaper than other compact equipment and is growing the fastest in India. In the Asia Pacific, meanwhile, where labor is still cheap and heavy equipment is generally preferred, compact machines are becoming more popular. Mini excavators in particular are growing, albeit slowly, in this region. Developing areas are moving along – as more large-scale construction projects are completed the more it needs to do maintenance work and this is where the compact machines are needed, cites a report from Mobility Foresights.


The mini excavators are construction equipment equipped with a dipper, boom, or bucket installed over a movable platform based on application requirement. The excavators provide assistance in performing landscaping, excavating, demolishing, picking and placing, materials handling, and constructing activities, and others. In addition, the mini excavators also aid in completion of labor-intensive tasks or work earlier performed using heavy construction equipment.


The versatile applications of mini excavators in several industries are likely to fuel the mini excavators market growth in the future. Mini excavators are highly adopted in various industries due to their ability to operate in confined spaces. Mini excavators can be used with several types of attachments, allowing the user to perform various tasks with a single machine. Mini excavators are finding varying applications in agriculture, railway maintenance, material handling, forestry, and log splitting. The increasing application of mini excavators in the agricultural sector has prompted vendors to manufacture agriculture-specific models.



Global Growth

As per an Allied Market Research study, the global mini excavators market size is expected to reach $11,873.9 million by 2027 from $9,003.8 million in 2019, growing at a CAGR of 5.4% during the forecast period (2020 to 2027). Rise in demand for mini excavators, owing to rise in construction of buildings is projected to propel growth of the global mini excavator market. Furthermore, the benefits associated with mini excavators and rise in urbanization are expected to boost growth of the market. The global mini excavator market has witnessed significant growth in past few years, owing to rise in demand for robust as well as efficient construction equipment such as mini excavators. In addition, rise in urbanization and surge in commercial and residential projects construction is anticipated to cater to growth of the mini excavator market.


Asia-Pacific is expected to provide attractive opportunities for mini excavators, owing to rapid urbanization and development of the construction industry. Moreover, infrastructure development in South Asia, the Middle East, and Africa is expected to drive the market growth in coming years. In addition, standardization of mini excavators and driverless mini excavators are anticipated to provide lucrative opportunities for the mini excavator market.


In addition, rise in awareness about versatile benefits of mini excavators across different industry verticals is expected to fuel adoption of these equipment in materials handling and lifting applications. However, absence of skilled operators and technicians, and availability of used and rental equipment are projected to hamper growth of the global mini excavator market.




Ben Jacob, an ISRO engineer, altered his old car into a backhoe or mini-excavator. A 1998-model Daewoo Matiz car was lying idle in his garage. He thought of redesigning it into a useful machine. After a feasibility study, the engineer worked on the design and redesigned the car with a functional digger. As the innovation works on the hydraulics principle, he had to procure some spare parts from Gujarat while a few were available in Thiruvananthapuram. The car-turned-mini-excavator consists of a metal arm along with a digging bucket at the end which extends like a small crane. It was not an easy task to transform this car. The mini-excavator weighs about 1.1 tons and can be extended both vertically and horizontally to 14- feet. The total lifting capacity of the backhoe is 500 kg and it is capable of exerting a digging force of six tons. For the whole modification, it cost Ben Rs.70,000 while the commercial excavators in the market cost close to Rs.25 lakh. The multipurpose machine can be used in farms and is cost- effective.



The popular Mini Ex

There are many innovative offerings available in the market for the users to select based on their exact requirements. Here’s presenting some of the highly advanced mini exes…


JCB India has an expansive range of mini excavators between 3-ton to 5-ton in models 30 plus, 50Z and 51R. These excavators have high fuel efficiency, give excellent productivity, along with operator comfort during operations. They are designed to work at higher speeds and ensure structural stability needed for urban infrastructure construction. The range is compatible with multiple attachments like soil drill, rock breaker, etc. Operators have the option of customized mode selection such as light, eco, heavy and heavy+, depending on the nature of work.

JCB’s latest is the 5-ton JCB 50Z – a compact excavator with an operating weight of 4.95 tons, a 2.7 meter boom, and a 1.45 meter arm, is powered by a 48 hp (35.7 kW) engine. Designed for urban infra construction, the JCB 50 Z has zero tail swing, high-end structural stability, 8 operating modes, auto-idle, and one-touch idle feature.Its intelligent display with dial-type throttle control makes it capable of handling numerous jobs in plantations, for pipe laying, narrow drainage cleaning, canal sediment removal, trenching work, utility work in industrial plants, and so on.

JCB’s 51R features leading digital screen technology. Users can tailor and store an optimum number of settings for total control of the machine. Its compact size, superior structural stability, higher lifting capacity, clubbed with advanced safety features, positions it as a highly productive machine. 51R is fitted with 2.7m boom and 1.57m arm, combined with a reduced tail swing. Both the 50Z and the 51R come with bucket capacities ranging from 0.10cum (trench), 0.14cum (standard) and 0.17 cum & 0.22 cum buckets for lighter materials.



Tata Hitachi offers three variants of its mini excavators (2 ton to 3 ton), namely TMX20 neo, ZAXIS 23U, and ZAXIS 33U. The ZAXIS 23U and ZAXIS 33U feature the latest hydraulics and zero-tail swing. They have superior ergonomics, performance, and safety features. The operator station is protected by a ROPS/ TOPS structure. Their compact design makes them easy to transport in conventional and mini light axle pick-up trucks.The zero tail swing of ZX20U and ZX33U allows them to operate in extremely compact spaces. Their full metallic cover provides higher durability, and they offer ease of maintenance as it is easy to access the machine parts. The TMX20 neo is the first ever mini excavator manufactured and sold in India. Its specialty is its simplicity and robustness.



Sany India has unveiled a new compact and powerful 2.75 ton mini excavator “SY27U” in the market. Equipped with an advanced remote management system (EVI), Sany SY27U is specially designed for the slurry terrain. The 2.75 ton mini excavator is a compact and versatile machine incorporated with the ability of zero tail swing (ZTS), which offers trouble-free maneuverability, in congested spaces. Its boom swing and offset feature enables the machine to operate very close to the wall/building without repositioning the machine. The powerful mini excavator has a large cross-section boom and arm assembly, which comes up with a wider bucket option.



In India, Hyundai is offering two models of mini excavators: the R30Z-9AK and the R35Z-9 – both of which have been improvised recently with new canopies, option of air conditioned cabins, etc., designed to bring more reliability in performance and lower operating costs due to better fuel efficiency through a high performing engine and an efficient hydraulic system. Both the products are being imported from Hyundai’s parent manufacturing company in Korea. Hyundai has targeted the R30 for the rental industry, while the R35Z is being positioned for the industry segment. The competitive advantage of R35 is its higher power and higher reach of the bucket.



Kobelco SK35SR Mini Excavator is mini only in size. Highly fuel-efficient, the SK35SR delivers superior performance with features that are unmatched in its class. The powerful SK35SR is an ideal machine for agriculture & plantation applications, urban infrastructure, smart cities, civil construction, earthwork, municipal development and maintenance.



Fine Equipments has an exclusive marketing tie-up with Takeuchi of Japan since 2016 for marketing its mini excavators in India. Takeuchi mini excavators have a spacious operator station, an automotive – styled interiors, and a powerful hydraulic system. The combination of superior operator comfort and precise control is the reason why Takeuchi mini excavators outperform competing machines. The mini excavators come with pre-fitted, pipeline adaptation kit to fit various attachments with ease, like rock breakers, augers, grapplers, etc.



The Bobcat® E20z compact excavator (mini excavator) delivers impressive performance in confined spaces with the need for only minimal repositioning. The operator can hydraulically retract the undercarriage to a width of only 98 cm in order to travel through gates or between walls and houses, then expand it to 136 cm for a wider footprint and greater performance. The E20z has zero tail swing for versatility and manoeuvrability on the most compact jobsites. The optional fingertip-controlled boom offset and auxiliary offer the double benefit of improved controllability of the boom swing function and connected attachments, while also creating more floor space and comfort for the operator.



In India Kubota offers 3 different capacities of mini excavators ranging 1.7 ton Kubota U17-3, 3 ton Kubota U30-6 and 5 ton Kubota U50-5S class, Kubota offers the world class mini excavators for Indian market with best in class safety and quality. Kubota U17-3 provides sufficient power and reliability to your required job. In addition to its superior horsepower and performance, it also offers low noise, vibration level and exceptional fuel efficiency.

Kubota U30 is a compact excavator for digging raft foundations and doing a host of other jobs especially on narrow work sites. The company has launched U50-5S, which is a new powerful and efficient hydraulic system is highly productive, ultra-manoeuvrable, environmentally friendly and cost-efficient.



Vendors are launching battery-powered and electric mini excavators to adhere to adopt the sustainability concept and adhere to regulations associated with low emissions. Governments and OEMs are focusing on developing zero- or low-emission vehicles. Governing bodies are promoting electric vehicles (EVs) by providing attractive subsidies and implementing supportive policies for establishing EV infrastructure.

The decreasing battery prices and the enhanced performance capabilities of EVs have boosted their adoption among consumers, which is one of the key mini excavator market trends.The economic advantages of electric mini excavators and the implementation of stringent emission standards will drive vendors to increase R&D for further improvement.



Fast Facts

  • The global mini excavators market size was $9,003.8 million in 2019 and is projected to reach $11,873.9 million in 2027, growing at a CAGR of 5.4% from 2020 to 2027.
  • The landscaping & construction segment is expected to be the most influencing segment growing in the global mini excavators market.
  • In the Indian market, acceptance of mini excavators has been growing and they are now being increasingly demanded by customers, which has risen above 1,000 units per year. Even though they are still being used in specialist niche applications and demand.
  • Sales of construction equipment in China reached an all-time high in the pandemic year almost around 500,000 units.
  • Currently, OEMs are launching compact excavators with a closer timeframe, which indicates the customer demand all over the world.



JCB India has pioneered the integration of digital technology in its range of machines through advanced Telematics called ‘LiveLink’. These machines work in off-road and often remote locations and LiveLink helps in remote monitoring and fleet management on key parameters of Service, Operations and Security of equipment. This technology today helps over 1,80,000 JCB machines communicate in real-time on machine location, operations, performance, downtime, service alerts and security. It enables better site management and equipment utilisation, thereby improving operational efficiency and cost-saving. Features such as geofencing and time-fencing have significantly enhanced the security of these machines.






Tata Hitachi has always strived to stay ahead of the technology curve. With increased focus on areas like safety, equipment efficiency, comfort and remote connectivity, technologies like IoT, telematics and AI has become a standard for Tata Hitachi. ConSite and InSite are two proprietary technologies enable customers to remotely monitor Tata Hitachi machines through granular, real-time operational, maintenance, location, and health data. Frequent reports to analysis on performance, efficiency and machine productivity, allows customers to visualize the operation status of the machine, improve the efficiency of machine management and work closer with Tata Hitachi.





We have unique program to support our customers throughout the Product life cycle. Customer Journey from Product acquisition with right investment, Efficient Product Utilisation , Product REMAN facilities to optimise cost, to Product Disposal at right Value. Hyundai supports all its customers with various service programs ,spare parts incentive programs through Hy-Value App, to make them more profitable with Mini excavators purchase over life cycle.






Kubota mini excavator is widely used in various construction fields such as road, municipal work, pipe networks, gardening and water conservancy combining with the use of multiple attachments. You may carry out operations at ease under various special conditions and construction environments. The real world-class Kubota mini excavators is ready to take any challenge.



Leave a Comment

Email Address
(will not be published)