Monday, June 21, 2021

Industry Focus - Tipper Trucks



Tipper trucks constitute the main part of any construction operation. These trucks are ideal for transporting loose construction materials,  sand, or gravel safely and quickly from a construction job site to any location. Owing to their advantages, tipper trucks are extensively used by construction companies. This, in turn, is expected to drive the growth of this segment in the future, writes PRERNA SHARMA.


With a design dating back to the time of horse-drawn carriages, tipper trucks have long played a vital part in the construction business. Although dump truck history started before the combustion engine, modern innovations have kept “tipper trucks” useful and in demand. British vehicle producer Thornycroft is credited with coming up with the idea of a cart that emptied its own contents. It was the late 1800s when the company began selling carts that tipped back when detached from the hitch. When motorized vehicles made the scene, operators had to manually crank a rope and pulley to dump loads from the first actual dump trucks. In 1910, US manufacturers stepped in to help dump truck history along by motorizing the dumping process.


The Indian tipper truck market is thriving on the back of increasing opportunities generated by the rising coal mining in the country and the economy bounce back after the downfall due to Covid-19 pandemic, coupled with the growing trends in the change in GST implementation and the growing transition in the BS (Bharat Stage) standards. The government of India is planning to increase its coal mining in the country, which will create direct demand for tipper trucks in the coming year. In 2018, around 15-20% of tipper trucks were used in coal mining only, making it one of the most important customer segments for the market. This increased domestic output of coal will reduce the dependency on imports. Moreover, as coal mining is increasing, the demand for tipper trucks will increase as it is responsible for transporting the coal to nearby destinations from mines.


The Indian tipper truck market has been segmented on the basis of truck type into semi-trailer end dump truck, standard dump truck, side tipper dump truck, bottom dump truck and others. The standard dump truck segment registered the largest market share of 56.01% in the year 2018 and is expected to grow with the highest CAGR of 5.23% during the forecast period. Moreover, the segment, which held a market value of $2109.2 million in the year 2018 is anticipated to grow by 1.29x during the forecast period and further gain an absolute $ opportunity of $777.0 million during the forecast period. Standard dump trucks hold the largest share of the market owing to the fact that it operates on hydraulic systems. These types of dump trucks employ fluid pressure to generate power which helps in the lifting process. On account of its power capacity, standard tipper trucks can vary in payloads from the standard 10-15 ton to 35 to 40 ton, which makes it more maneuverable than the higher capacity semi-trailer dump trucks. The hydraulic system of the dump truck helps the bed to raise by a vertical hydraulic ram which is mounted under the front body or horizontal ram and lever arrangement between the frame rails. Further, the back of the bed is hinged at the back of the truck.


Tata Motors recently launched Signa 4825.TK – India’s very first 47.5-tonne multi-axle tipper truck for surface transport of coal and construction aggregates. The Signa 4825.TK’s unmatched gross vehicle weight allows more load per trip with its 29 cubic metre box load body. The newly launched tipper truck is specially designed to meet the customer’s need of high productivity and fast turnaround. It is developed with Tata Motors’ Power of 6 philosophy and offers enhanced performance, higher payload capacity, lower total cost of ownership, higher comfort and safety for the driver. According to the company officials, Tata Motors has used the BS6 implementation opportunity to not only migrate to the stricter emission norms, but to truly upgrade the entire product portfolio and further match the customer’s requirement by setting new benchmarks for performance, operating efficiency, comfort and safety.


The technology-driven tipper truck also offers new-generation features like Hill Start Assist (HSA), Engine Brake and iCGT brake for greater vehicle control and lower operating costs. This fully-built tipper is equipped with advanced electronic system with sensors to detect and prevent a possible topple while tipping, thus increasing the safety of the driver and the operators.


Key Drivers and Trends

Increasing Industrial Activity in Construction Sector: The increasing number of infrastructure and major construction projects which are in ongoing developmental phase have resulted in increased demand for tipper trucks. Road construction projects such as Golden Quadrilateral and Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana along with irrigation and quarry are fueling the growth of tipper truck market. Additionally, increasing need for transporting high volumes of aggregates, along with the significant demand for multi-axle trucks, backed by the rise in hauling and tipping more output per day are some of the major factors driving the growth of the India tipper truck market. The market is also driven by the rising government expenditure on urban infrastructure projects along with the emergence of fuel-efficient tipper trucks to prevent growing pollution level.


Expanding Mining Sector: Mining activity demands off-site and far-away operations which requires heavy commercial vehicles such as tipper trucks to handle the material transportation needs. Rising mining projects especially for coal production, generates a huge demand for medium or heavy tipper trucks in India. Tipper trucks are technologically most advanced and the safest trucks to operate in high demanding and tough mining conditions. Additionally, the demand for power and cement industries has resulted in the growth of mining sector.


The rising concerns over the vehicular emissions and environmental pollution have increased the need for alternative fuel for tipper trucks. The stringent regulations to curb pollution in several countries has compelled manufacturers to find alternative fuel solutions that are environment-friendly and reduce emissions. This has led to the development of bio-fuel, electric, and hybrid tipper trucks. Bio-fuel tipper trucks are being developed by Komatsu in partnership with the Indonesian government. These trucks are fueled by non-food source plant Jatropha, which grows faster and in the less cultivated soil.




The law for new axle load norms was applied from July 2018 according to which the allowed GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) limit for all the trucks in India was increased. These changes in loading capacity norms lead to the decrease in tipper truck demand in the market as the caring capacity of the already in place trucks was increased. The government motive behind this change in regulation was to reduce congestion and regulate carbon footprint in the country. Such a factor is anticipated to act as a barrier to the growth of the India tipper truck market.



Select the best

The various models of tipper trucks have an assortment of features that make them ideal for specific jobs. Selecting the right trucks and tippers for a fleet would require assessing the needs of a construction company.The tipper’s construction is only the tip of the iceberg. Tipper trucks and their enclosures have a variety of features, each one suited for a different function. Construction companies should determine their precise needs to learn what features to look for in a tipper truck.

Hydraulic Tipping: Most tipper trucks today rely on a mechanism powered by hydraulics. Many tipper trucks’ hydraulic systems, located at the bed of the truck, move one or two ways. Especially versatile are trucks that can tip three ways, which can satisfy multiple types of jobs, but are usually rather pricey.The most common type of tipping mechanism is the tail lift, which tilts the tipper downward away from the cab, which allows the contents to fall out the rear. Tail lift tippers are suited to dumping out massive amounts of the truck’s contents at once, which is satisfactory for most types of jobs.

Side-tipping trucks, meanwhile, are better suited for construction projects involving trenches, where they can empty the contents more precisely. This, however, also means that they have to be maneuvered to a certain position to unload. Not all side-tipping trucks tip on both sides and deciding whether you need a side-tipping truck that tips toward either side is a key consideration to make when purchasing.

Tipper Features: One of the things to examine when looking for tipper trucks is the tipper itself. Tipper enclosures can have a broad assortment of features that make them more ideal for specific purposes. A company’s fleet should have multiple types of these tippers if it frequently has to haul different types of loads in a single project.Caged tippers, for instance, are useful for hauling debris from a construction site that has a tangible risk of falling out of the tipper enclosure during transport; fleet should have several of these vehicles if companies focus mainly on moving large amounts of heavy debris.

Meanwhile, if a company is involved in hauling sand, wood chips, gravel, and other small particulate matter, it may be practical to have a chipper chute. This chute allows more control over the flow of loose or chipped materials that would otherwise be difficult to pour out with precision. Tippers with chutes are ideal for filling in smaller spaces or when dumping all the contents of the truck is unnecessary.



Fast Facts

  • The tipper trucks market size has the potential to grow by $1.70 billion during 2020-2024, and the market’s growth momentum will accelerate during the forecast period.
  • Market research analysts at Technavio predict that the global tipper trucks market will grow steadily at a CAGR of almost 1% in the future.
  • Infrastructure developments in BRIC countries is one of the primary growth factors for the global tipper trucks market.
  • The rising concerns over the vehicular emissions and environmental pollution have increased the need for alternative fuel for tipper trucks.
  • The Indian tipper truck market was valued at $3766.0 million in the year 2018 and is expected to garner $6049.0 million by the end of 2024 by registering a CAGR of 4.89% across the globe over the forecast period, i.e.2019-2024. Additionally, the market is anticipated to grow by 1.26x and further gain an incremental opportunity of $1284 million during the forecast period.


Tata Motors has been the doyen in introduction of new vehicles and features which have helped transform the Indian tipper segment. Besides the regulatory changes, as part of the Power of 6 philosophy for Construck vehicles, BS6 Construck vehicles feature a plethora of unique offerings and updates which ensure sustained profitability for the customer




We see strong demand coming from construction and mining sectors that is expected to push forward the tippers truck category. The finance minister announced that FY22 capital expenditure will be up by +34.5% (Vs FY21 BE) at Rs. 5.54 lakh crore. Roadways and Dedicated Rail Freight Corridors received major share of the spending. In the next five years, infrastructure projects such as Bharatmala, Sagarmala and others and an expected uptick in real estate, mainly housing would result in a better demand for tippers


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